Title: Online Handwritten Signature Recognition by Length Normalization using Up-Sampling and Down-Sampling

Issue Number: Vol. 4, No. 1
Year of Publication: Jan - 2015
Page Numbers: 302-313
Authors: Fahad Layth Malallah, Sharifah Mumtazah Syed Ahmad, Wan Azizun Wan Adnan, Olasimbo Ayodeji Arigbabu, Vahab Iranmanesh, Salman Yussof
Journal Name: International Journal of Cyber-Security and Digital Forensics (IJCSDF)
- Hong Kong
DOI:  http://dx.doi.org/10.17781/p001545


With the rapid advancement of capture devices like tablet or smart phone, there is a huge potential for online signature applications that are expected to occupy a large field of researches in forthcoming years. Online handwritten signature encounters difficulty in the verification process because an individual rarely produce exactly the same signature whenever he signs. This difference in the produced signature is referred to as intra-user variability. Verification difficulty occurs especially in the case where the feature extraction and classification algorithms are designed to classify a stable length vector of input features. In this paper, we introduce an efficient algorithm for online signature length normalization by using Up-Sampling and Down-Sampling techniques. Furthermore, online signature verification system is also proposed by using both Principal Component Analysis (PCA) for feature extraction and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) for classification. The SIGMA database, which has more than 6,000 genuine and 2,000 forged signature samples taken from 200 individuals, is used to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed technique. Based on the tests performed, the proposed technique managed to achieve False Accept Rate (FAR) of 5.5% and False Reject Rate (FRR) of 8.75%.