Title: Detection and Protection Against Intrusions on Smart Grid Systems

Issue Number: Vol. 3, No. 1
Year of Publication: Apr - 2014
Page Numbers: 38-48
Authors: Ata Arvani , Vittal S. Rao
Journal Name: International Journal of Cyber-Security and Digital Forensics (IJCSDF)
- Hong Kong
DOI:  http://dx.doi.org/10.17781/P001273


The wide area monitoring of power systems is implemented at a central control center to coordinate the actions of local controllers. Phasor measurement units (PMUs) are used for the collection of data in real time for the smart grid energy systems. Intrusion detection and cyber security of network are important requirements for maintaining the integrity of wide area monitoring systems. The intrusion detection methods analyze the measurement data to detect any possible cyber attacks on the operation of smart grid systems. In this paper, the model-based and signal-based intrusion detection methods are investigated to detect the presence of malicious data. The chi-square test and discrete wavelet transform (DWT) have been used for anomaly-based detection. The false data injection attack (FDIA) can be detected using measurement residual. If the measurement residual is larger than expected detection threshold, then an alarm is triggered and bad data can be identified. Avoiding such alarms in the residual test is referred to as stealth attack. There are two protection strategies for stealth attack: (1) Select a subset of meters to be protected from the attacker (2) Place secure phasor measurement units in the power grid. An IEEE 14-bus system is simulated using real time digital simulator (RTDS) hardware platform for implementing attack and detection schemes.