Title: Cyber Warfare Awareness in Lebanon: Exploratory Research

Issue Number: Vol. 4, No. 4
Year of Publication: Sep - 2015
Page Numbers: 482-497
Authors: Hussin J. Hejase, Ale J. Hejase, Jose A. Hejase
Journal Name: International Journal of Cyber-Security and Digital Forensics (IJCSDF)
- Hong Kong
DOI:  http://dx.doi.org/10.17781/P001892


Many believe that the coming war is a cyber-war that revolves around cyber weapons; to many others, the world is already at the core of this war. Names like Stuxnet, Duqu, Gauss and Flame have become familiar, malware projects known to experts in the field of cyber weapons. One asks: what type of awareness and preparation students need to deal with the cyber warfare challenges and threats? Countries have prepared for the aforementioned challenges and threats, while Lebanon is not. This research investigates current status of cyber warfare awareness and clarifies what changes may be incorporated into the Lebanese sectors, including the educational one. This study is exploratory and uses a survey distributed to 635 students, educators and managers. Findings reveal that in Lebanon, the educated community not only lacks awareness but also knowledge of what is happening in the arenas of cyber warfare, cyber weapons and cyber security.