Title: Authentication of MP4 Video Using File Containers and Metadata Features

Issue Number: Vol. 10, No. 2
Year of Publication: Jun - 2021
Page Numbers: 67-77
Authors: D.P Gangwar
Journal Name: International Journal of Cyber-Security and Digital Forensics (IJCSDF)
- Hong Kong


The authentication of video recording plays a very important role in forensic science as well as for other crime investigation purposes. The field of forensic examination of digital videos is continuously facing new challenges. At present the authentication of the video is carried out on the basis of pixel based analysis. Due to the change in technology, it was felt that a new approach is required for the authentication of digital video. In the present work a new approach i.e. analysis of media Information and structural analysis of video containers (boxes/ atoms) of MP4 file format has been applied for identification of original and edited video. This work is limited only for MP4 file format because the MP4 compressed format widely used in most of the mobile phone for video recording and transmission purposes. For this purpose we recorded more than 200 video samples using more than 20 different mobile phones of different make and models and more than 12 video editors, which are available in open source for editing purpose. The original and edited MP4 video files were analyzed for their different metadata and structural contents analysis of different file containers (boxes/atoms) using different free ware tools. The details of the work are described below.