Issue Number: Vol. 7, No. 1
Year of Publication: Jan - 2017
Page Numbers: 26-34
Authors: Takahiro Suzuki, Shihoko Tanabe
Journal Name: International Journal of Digital Information and Wireless Communications (IJDIWC)
- Hong Kong
DOI:  http://dx.doi.org/10.17781/P002229


This paper presents an acceleration model of traffic resource utilization from psychological effects of car drivers on a single lane traffic resource. Two kinds of acceleration, boundary and fluctuation effects, which are of drivers effects are considered. The boundary effect, which is based on a hard sphere model, is an interaction that drivers feel the pressure from other cars in front or behind. The fluctuation effect, which can achieve the higher resource utilization in a hard sphere model, is to accelerate or reduce car speed randomly. The two effects are closely related to how we drive a car in highway traffic. We introduce several types of drivers depending on the two effects combined with two car moving types: a fast moving and a sure moving. We finally examine the traffic flow features, which include phase transitions, among their types of drivers by computer simulation.