WORKSHOP:
GOPELC “Gas and Oil Processing, a European Lebanese Cooperation"

1- GOPELC presentation by Prof. Clovis Francis, Lebanese University

Energy problems play an important role in the global development of industrial and underdeveloped countries. Energy issues are usually accompanied with the challenging trade off of energy production and environmental sustainability. This problem is the biggest challenge facing the Lebanese society since it is negatively impacting the Lebanese people health, the Lebanese economy, and transforming the Lebanese ecological system equilibrium. Recently, an offshore reserve of Oil and Gas was localized in the Mediterranean Sea near the Lebanese coast. The Lebanese Government set up a new “Gas and Oil Committee” belonging to the Water and Energy Ministry. The goal of this Committee is to publish tenders for Gas and Oil Offshore inspection and exploitation. An increasing demand for Engineers in the field of new reservoir drilling and fuel raw material processing is expected in the upcoming twenty-five years. The Lebanese Higher Education sector is a well-developed one. This sector regroups one public University which is the Lebanese University (LU) and more than 50 private universities. All the Lebanese universities’ curricula are one step behind in the field of Gas and Oil processing. This is due to the fact that the country is not a producer of this kind of raw material. Two refineries were present in the country before the civil war (1975-1989). Those refineries were completely destroyed during the civil war and their actual role has been reduced to the imported fuel storage. This project will address all the above problems by setting up a new teaching curriculum at the Lebanese universities by a joint effort with the European universities members of the Consortium. This project will increase the future engineer’s awareness to those issues. This project will also help in creating a network of the Lebanese and European universities promoting academic excellence through joint research, education, and exchange of experience. This will contribute in the sustainable development of the Lebanese higher educational system and in improving the career prospects of scholars in their home countries.

2- Overview on Pertroleum Industry by Dr Rami Harkous, Beirut Arab University

The presentation briefly introduces the petroleum industry and petroleum engineering. Beginning by the origin, migration and accumulation of petroleum and how hydrocarbons are explored using some geophysical techniques. Some petrophysical properties will be then discussed in the reservoir engineering section. Finally, fundamentals of drilling and production operations will be mentioned.

3- The Most Important Processes in the Refining and Petrochemical Industry: An Overview on the Production and Use of Hydrogen by Dr Wael Hamd, Lebanese University

One of the most challenging issues in this century is energy. Compared to other sources, Oil will continue to be a hugely important energy source in the years to come, but it is now crucial to optimize the oil production technologies and the processes involved in the transformation of petroleum-based hydrocarbons into the chemicals that form the basis of the multi-billion dollar petrochemical industry. For instance, hydrogen consumed on-site in oil refining, and in the production of ammonia and methanol plays a key role in modern society because there are no natural hydrogen deposits. Currently the dominant technology for direct production of hydrogen from hydrocarbons is steam reforming, but its production through water splitting utilizing only fully renewable resources such as water and photons seems to be an appealing solution to durably store large amounts of energy. Herein, we describe the new process developments in the manufacture of petrochemicals, especially the progress in hydrogen production by steam reforming and water splitting.

4- Thioresistant Catalysts for Selective Ring Opening of Gas Oil (Diesel) by Dr Salim Nasserddine, Lebanese University

Tetralin hydroconversion over supported iridium catalysts has been investigated under pressure flowing in the presence of H2S. Decalin, naphthalene, one-ring-opening alkenes and one-ring-contraction bicyclic products are formed. The quasi absence of cracking products results in a high catalyst stability. The Ir on amorphous ilica-alumina (ASA) with intermediate concentration of silica (40 wt.%) exhibits an optimal acidity, leading to the highest thiotolerance and ring-opening selectivity. Then, the optimized catalysts were used to convert an hydrotreated gas oil and 2D GC-MS was used to identify the conversion products and to define a family of naphthenes representative of the impact of Ir catalysts on the selective ring opening reaction.

5- Simulation of Industrial Processes by Eng. Mirna Al Charif- Lebanese University

The globalization of the economy, the constraints of environment and safety and the dynamics of the market require a very big rigor in the conception and the conduct of the processes. In the context, we have more and more often appeal to the computing to conceive quickly and economically of new more profitable, cleaner, safer and more flexible processes, and in other term “sustainable processes”. The simulation of processes allows the industrialists on one hand to analyze, to improve the efficiency of an existing process and on the other hand to model and to simulate a new production unit. This activity sector, indicated by the term “Computer-aided engineering of the processes”, knew a very important development in numerous sectors during the last years. So, the simulators of processes are the basic tools for the technicians and the engineers of processes, because they allow to design, to optimize and then to follow the performances of the majority of the existing industrial processes in various sectors: organic and mineral chemistry, from heavy to fine chemistry, the petrochemical processes, liquefaction/gasification of the coal, food-processing industry, the treatment of minerals and biotechnology. From the definition of the process components, the choice of the thermodynamic model adapted and the chemical reactions, the simulator allows to:

  • Solve the heat and material balance of the processes
  • Determine the equilibrium phase: liquid/liquid and liquid/vapor
  • Determine the characteristics (flow, composition, pressure, temperature) of the fluids which circulate between various devices of the process
  • Sizing of equipments as for example the quantity of exchanged heat or the theoretical number of stages
  • Estimate the cost of investment and functioning of processes, also the impact on the environment and the safety.
  • Simulators allow establishing, in an effective and rigorous way, heat and material balance of the processes, so unloading the engineer of boring and repetitive calculations. We understand then easily why the simulators of processes constitute the basic tools for the conception of the processes.

IMPORTANT DATES:

Submission Dates: Open from now until Feb. 3, 2017
Notification of Acceptance: March 3, 2017 or 4 weeks from the date of submission
Camera Ready Submission: March 31, 2017
Registration Deadline: March 31, 2017
Conference Dates: April 26-28, 2017

SUBMISSION PROCESS:

Submitted paper should be limited to a maximum length of 6 pages (Letter size, single space, Times Roman of font size 10, two columns, IEEE format), including figures, tables and references. Use the following template http://www.ieee.org/conferences_events/conferences/publishing/templates.html. Abstracts are not accepted.

Papers must be original work, not previously published, written in English.

The conference uses double-blind review by at least two specialized reviewers. Before final acceptance, all the reviewers' comments must be considered.

We require that at least one author of an accepted paper to register the paper by the deadline above to join the Workshop and to present the paper. This registration deadline is strictly required to all authors of accepted papers.

Only the registered and presented papers will be published in the conference proceedings and will be submitted to IEEE for POTENTIAL inclusion to IEEE Xplore digital library as well as other Abstracting and Indexing (A&I) databases such as Scopus.

Researchers are encouraged to submit their work electronically as pdf format without author(s) name via link http://sdiwc.net/e3pe2017/paper-submission/" and by email with author(s) name to the Workshop Chair: Prof. Prof. Clovis Francis, Lebanese University e3pe17@sdiwc.net