Title: Layered Model Abstract Framework for Ubiquitous Learning Environment (ULE)

Year of Publication: Nov - 2014
Page Numbers: 80-85
Authors: Muhammad Noman Saeed, Khalid Hussain Moukali
Conference Name: The International Conference on Computer Science, Computer Engineering, and Education Technologies (CSCEET2014)
- Malaysia


In last couple of years of Learning and Technology, we have observed the exponential growth of ICT tools, especially Mobile and other handheld devices along with the established and resilient IT infrastructure. This is already strengthening the IT services including Wireless Communication and availability of several other devices for user easiness and enables new epoch for learning and knowledge, especially for smart cities which promises to have a modern communication infrastructure. The development transforms the traditional learning to context responsive learning as well. Ubiquitous Learning is becoming a new learning trend, based on Learner centred approach. The research work in this paper will present an overview of the Ubiquitous Computing, Ubiquitous Learning Environment (ULE) similar to the OSI layered architecture.