Title: Harmonics Mitigation and Power Quality Improvement in Grid Connected Wind Power Plant Using STATCOM

Year of Publication: May - 2015
Page Numbers: 19-24
Authors: Nasiru B. Kadandani
Conference Name: The Second International Conference on Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Clean Energy and Green Computing (EEECEGC2015)
- Turkey

Abstract:


Grid integration of intermittent renewable energy sources like wind and solar is usually associated with power quality disturbance especially when the penetration level is high. This paper investigates the power quality issues associated with grid connected wind power plant (WPP) and how to overcome such problems using static synchronous compensator (STATCOM) – a member of Flexible A.C Transmission System (FACTS) devices. The major power quality issue investigated in the paper is harmonic distortions. Other power quality parameters such as voltage dip, voltage swell, flicker, transient, short and long interruptions were also briefly introduced. The entire system including the STATCOM control scheme is simulated in Simulink environment of MATLAB. Simulation results show that the harmonic contents at the output of the system with unfiltered linear loads are quite high, thus showing power quality deterioration. Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) analysis on the voltage and current waveforms of the system show that the STATCOM control scheme is capable of cancelling out the reactive and harmonic parts of the load current thereby restoring the smooth sinusoidal waveform of the voltage and current at the wind point of interconnection (POI), or point of common coupling (PCC) which signifies power quality improvement.